Role Of Mnemonics In Memory

Role Of Mnemonics In Memory

Mnemonics are techniques aimed to improve your memory, so you can easily recall things and information that are otherwise difficult to remember. These techniques are not occurring or done very often, but they are based on the fundamental ideas of learning and memory. Mnemonics systems and techniques have been in practice, since 2,500 years, but have only been studied by means of scientific experiment in about 40 years.

Mnemonics are used, so you can easily remember things. As you can see, it might be a rhyme or a short song, a phrase or something that is, to a fairly significant extent, which can be easily recalled. A purpose or reason for using mnemonics is to encode information that is not so easy to remember, in a manner that makes remembering things, a much easier task.

There are many popular mnemonic devices that have been popularly used; some of them are listed below.

* The Method of Loci

The Method of Loci (loci is a Latin word which means “places “) is a memory enhancement system that allows you to recall information efficiently and promptly, without taking much effort. It uses familiar information about your environment and memory that is related to space. For example, if you use the direction in going to your office from your home, the features of the town that you see as you walk are the information that you need to memorize.

* Acronyms and acrostics

Acronyms are words created from the first letters of each word in a name or phrase. Acrostics are compositions such as a poem or word puzzle in which the first or last letter of each line spells a word, a name, a message or the alphabet. An example, when you need to remember the colours of the rainbow, you use this phrase:  Richard of York Gave Battle in Vain “, where the first letters in bold can translate to colors red, yellow, green, blue and violet of the spectrum.

* Rhymes

Rhymes are short poems with words in end lines that sound similar or corresponds with another word. Examples of rhymes:

(1)  Thirty days hath September,

    April, June and November (and so on)   

(2)  In fourteen hundred and ninety two, Columbus sailed the Ocean Blue.

* Chunking and Organization

Chunking is a method of remembering or dealing with huge information by grouping it into smaller, easy to assimilate “chunks “. A good example of this device is the telephone number in the US, which consists of 10 digits. When broken down into 3-digit chunks, it becomes easier to remember.

* Imagery

Imagery is the use of particular words that generate ocular depiction of ideas in our minds. The Method of Loci mentioned above is a form of an imagery mnemonic device. Imagery is easier to work with small pieces of information. For example, when you’ve just been introduced to someone named Peggy, you simply imagine the pirate with a wooden leg and the name will instantly come to your mind.  Or, if the name is “Harry “, you can imagine a big, North American brown bear - a grizzly bear that goes by the name.

K.      L. Higbee, International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2001

www.psychologistworld.com

www.mindtools.com

 

 

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The Benefits Of A Proper Study Plan

The Benefits Of A Proper Study Plan

Many people may not accept it, but our educational system is in an unpleasant situation. Besides having a short supply of school instructors, the students are made to pay attention on textbooks, instead of giving them a hands-on experience that will help in developing their knowledge or skills. Many students only want to pass the grading system, reading books and stuffing them in their minds in a hurry, so that they can top the exam. It is a sad thing that when the exam is over, all the information that the students have learned are easily forgotten.

This is the reason why every learner should have a proper study plan. This is an organized schedule that outlines learning goals and study times. Without this study plan, a pupil’s performance will suffer and their efforts won’t produce positive results. 

In creating a study plan, there should be a specific goal. Items should be arranged in accordance with importance and every subject should have a time duration assigned. A study plan can be successful, if it is followed religiously, with sincerity and with a determination to succeed.

Here are the benefits of a good study plan:

* A study plan helps a student to have a sense of direction. It will remove confusion, which will be replaced by a clear action plan that involves some little thinking or planning.

* A study plan can make the student’s studies be arranged in a systematic way. When things are organized, they can feel in command, so that they can deal with everything easily and efficiently.

* Since there are goals to be achieved, each goal that has been accomplished motivates a student to proceed with working on another goal. As they gain an improved understanding of the concepts, they will begin to enjoy the process.

* When study plans are followed regularly, stress levels go down.

* There will be no build-up of work, when subjects are studied according to priority. Therefore, a student need not study during unreasonably late hours. Relatively, studying at regular hours teaches a student control, as well as enhances their concentration.

* There will not be a sudden feeling of uncontrollable fear with a good study plan. Instead, the student can relax and still find time to do some leisure activities that can refresh their minds. This will make them ready for the next day’s session.

To avoid disappointments, the goals should be realistic. They should be achievable, so as not to make the student lose confidence or hope. Every student should be trained to conquer every temptation with determination and they should be advised to stay away from other students with a careless attitude. Whenever help is needed, nothing should stop them from seeking it.

At first, a study plan may look like an impossible undertaking, which is why it is important to remember to have it followed sincerely. Having a strictly done study plan can result in rich and long lasting rewards, regardless of whether the educational system is flawed or not.

Vitamin Supplements For Memory

Vitamin Supplements For Memory

Take one multivitamin a day with food. This acts as protection against any vitamin deficiencies you may develop if you do not have the right food. Vitamins, as stated earlier, contain anti- oxidants, and hence are an essential part of the diet, especially for memory boosting. Apart from a multi vitamin, a B complex vitamin should be taken, since the brain requires B vitamins. Vitamin C should also be taken because it helps build immunity. Vitamin E helps in reducing old age memory deficiencies.

Simple Exercises To Boost Your Memory

Simple Exercises To Boost Your Memory

Memory power can be boosted by doing some simple exercises and making them a part of your regular schedule. If your everyday activities are geared towards improving your powers of retention, then you will notice that you are becoming more aware and that you remember things and situations and facts with greater ease than before. What may have taken you a lot of effort to remember earlier will take less time and effort, after you make these exercises a part of life. There are many indoor and outdoor sports that one can do to and activities that one can indulge in to help boost your memory power and increase your attention span. What you must do of course is not spend too much time in watching T.V. since this enable you to become nothing more than a couch potato since it does not ask for any interaction on your part. Remember that any exercise that you do to improve your mental power entails a high degree of participation from you.

Mind Resists Change

Mind Resists Change

The saying goes that “old habits die hard.” The reason for this saying is that it is very difficult to unlearn anything, and to make changes in one’s thinking, attitudes, behaviour patterns and lifestyles. There is another saying which states that “you cannot teach an old dog, new tricks”. This really means that old habits and patterns become so ingrained in a person over time that it becomes even more difficult to change his thinking and attitude, especially towards adopting new ways of learning.

Fast Food Can Harm Memory

Fast Food Can Harm Memory

Fast food is a dietary no-no, because it contains almost everything that is harmful to the health of your body and your brain. This is because such food contains a high amount of salt and saturated fats.

Eat Healthy Breakfast To Boost Memory

Eat Healthy Breakfast To Boost Memory

Many people skip having a breakfast early in the morning. This may be because they are in a rush to catch the school bus or make it in time for office or because they believe it’s a smart way to diet and lose weight. Whatever the motivation or the reason, it is very harmful to skip breakfast. People who do this have poor memory and their performance levels at school or the workplace suffer.

Consuming Too Much Salt Affects Brain

Consuming Too Much Salt Affects Brain

Insomnia (the inability to sleep) and nervous tension is a direct result of there being too much salt in the diet.

According to Dr. Miller, the reason for this is as follows: By reducing the salt content in the diet, the body fluids become less acidic. This is because the reduction in the salt leads to the build up of calcium in the tissues. The greater alkalization of the body fluids makes the person less restless and more relaxed.

Research has indicated that the excessiveness of salt in our bodies can cause the tiny blood vessels to swell with water and create pressure within the cranium, leading to tension headaches and migraines.

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